How to Seal Travertine Pavers

Overview

Travertine pavers are made from natural occurring stones that have medium density. The material of these pavers is softer than granite but is also harder than soapstone. These are perfect to install both outdoors and indoors. Since travertine features a porous surface, this needs to be sealed appropriately to prevent the infiltration of water. If you want to install travertine pavers in your home, you need to use the proper tools and techniques to make the installation effective. The sealing process can be done using a few easy steps.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Broom

Chalk

Measuring tape

Thinset mortar

¼-inch notched trowel

Concrete sealer

Cement mixture

Level

Travertine pavers

Rubber mallet

Sanded grout

Damp sponge

 

Step 1

 

Clean the entire floor where you will seal the travertine pavers. Sweep off any tiny debris or trash found in the area.

 

Step 2

 

Measure the floor’s center and use a piece of chalk to mark the area where you wish to lay the travertine pavers. You should have a mark at the center of the floor area and four quadrants for you to easily lay the pavers onto the area.

 

Step 3

 

Spread the thinset mortar starting at one of the four quadrants found at the floor’s center. Use a ¼-inch notched trowel for spreading your mortar

 

Step 4

 

Spray concrete sealer on the pavers prior to laying them on the floor to prevent any form of staining on your travertine pavers.

 

Step 5

 

Pour cement mixture on a 4-by-4-foot area and start laying the pavers using a hand level to make sure that they are all aligned and level. Continue working across the rest of the area, pouring in a new batch of concrete every 4-by-4 feet to prevent the concrete from drying up quickly.

 

Step 6

 

Tap the pavers with a rubber mallet for them to adhere into the grout. Insert the ¼-inch tile spacers in between the pavers and let it set for 24 hours.

 

Step 7

 

Pour sanded grout onto the travertine pavers and push the grout across the pavers to stick all the joints together. Wipe the pavers with damp sponge to keep them clean and leave the grout to adhere overnight.

 

 

References

 

Travertine Pavers Direct: Seal/Protect Your Pavers

http://www.travertine-pavers-direct.com/seal-travertine.htm

 

Travertine Mart: FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

http://travertinemart.com/FAQ.html

 

 

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How to Remove Bust Darts

Overview

Darts are made using folds on fabric to create a three-dimensional shape to that piece of garment. These are often used as part of women’s clothing in order to follow the wearer’s shape. There are two types of darts that are often used in clothes, one is the vertical dart and the other one is the bust dart. Bust darts are the short triangle folds providing space for women’s breasts to make sure that the clothes fit close to the wearer. Here is how you can remove bust darts from your clothes.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Measuring tape

Paper

Pencil

Sharp scissors

 

Step 1

 

Measure the width and depth of the bust dart using your measuring tape.

 

Step 2

 

Place a piece of paper on a flat surface and place the pattern or clothing piece over it. Trace the center front, shoulder seam, neckline, bust point, armscye, hem or the bodice’s bottom part and other notches or marks in need of sewing using your pencil.

 

Step 3

 

Fold the bust dart and use your pencil to mark its center front with the same amount as the dart’s width. For instance, if the bust dart is an inch wide, mark its center front at an inch from the end of the hem.

 

 

 

Step 4

 

Mark the side of the seam from the edge at the bottom part of the piece. This will be the point where your bottom hemline will fall after you fold the dart.

 

Step 5

 

Trace the clothing piece’s armhole as well as the new side seam.  Do the same for the new hemline and cut along your traced marks using a pair of sharp scissors. This will completely remove the bust dart from the pattern piece.

 

 

References

 

Burda Style: How to Remove a Bust Dart

http://www.burdastyle.com/techniques/how-to-remove-a-bust-dart

 

Modern Historique: A Brief Look at Pattern Development

http://www.modehistorique.com/research/eliminating_darts.pdf

 

 

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How to Remove a Broken Set Screw

Overview

Broken set screws can be difficult to remove as set screws are used to hold a lot of parts together. If its parts are incomplete or have been broken prior to removal, it makes it more difficult for you to take it out. You need to soften the set screw prior to removal in order to prevent damages in the threaded hole where the screw is located or placed. To do this, you will need a few tools and materials to release the set screw from its installation.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Allen wrench

Carbide drill bit

Cutting fluid

Screw extractor

 

Step 1

 

Turn the set screw’s head in counter-clockwise direction using an Allen wrench. Give the screw a few minutes to cool down in case it jams in the hole where it is placed. Turn the set screw in clockwise direction to achieve a quarter turn before you completely remove the screw.

 

Step 2

 

Install the carbide drill bit in the drill motor’s chuck in case its head breaks off while you attempt removal in step 1. Make sure that the drill bit is smaller than the set screw’s diameter.

 

Step 3

 

Continue to drill slowly into the broken set screw’s shaft. Apply more cutting fluid to your drill bit once smoke starts to form.

 

 

 

Step 4

 

Take out the carbide drill bit from your drill motor when you have a ¼-inch deep hole that is drilled into the shaft of the broken set screw. Place the screw extractor into the drill motor’s chuck.

 

Step 5

 

Reverse the drill motor and set the extractor’s tip into the hole that you just drilled into the set screw. Push your drill motor towards the extractor while you slowly press the drill motor’s trigger. Take out the broken or damaged set screw from the threaded portion.

 

 

References

 

Auto Inc.: The Art of Extraction

http://www.asashop.org/autoinc/may2003/techtotech.htm

 

YouTube: Remove Stripped Screw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9cfFh2wQ57Y

 

 

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How to Cut Ceramic Tiles with a Dremel

Overview

Cutting ceramic tiles require the use of the right tools so as not to damage its material. These tiles can easily crack if you cut it using the wrong tool. Dremels are perfect to use for cutting ceramic tiles. With the help of this tool, you can fit your tiles in awkward corners and spaces that may be too small for your ceramic. While you can use a tile saw to cut the tiles, a Dremel provides you with a more flexible tool that can easily be controlled by hand.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Tile-cutting bit

Dremel rotary tool

Table vise

Old towel

Wax pencil

 

Step 1

 

Install a tile-cutting bit on the tool collet. The bit should be the same those used in specialized tile-cutting kits. Tighten the collet using your fingers and plug your Dremer rotary tool into an electrical outlet. Some Dremels are battery-powered, which would only require you to switch it on.

 

Step 2

 

Place the tile into your table vise and tighten it to secure the tile. Place an old towel into the grips of the vise in case it does not have any padded grips. This will prevent your tile from getting any scratches during the cutting.

 

Step 3

 

Mark the lines where you wish to cut the tile using a wax pencil.

 

 

 

Step 4

 

Set your Dremel rotary tool’s speed and make sure that it does not exceed 20,000 rpms.

 

Step 5

 

Cut through the lines slowly while holding the Dremel tool with both hands. Do an even cut while following the marked lines on the tile. You need to do several passes if you cutting a thick ceramic tile.

References

 

YouTube: Cutting Cermanic Tile with a Dremel Rotary Tool

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WDuDtkgNLG0

 

Bosch Web Services: Dremel 300 Series Instructional Safety Manual

http://mdm.boschwebservices.com/MDMCache/t10/0000000/r00501v-1.pdf

 

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How to Waterproof Retaining Walls

Overview

Retaining walls are often made in concrete to make them more durable or long lasting. These retaining walls can easily get soaked in water during the rainy seasons, causing the formation of molds. This is why proper sealing techniques must be done to waterproof the walls. This process will help prevent water from seeming into the walls and compromise its structure and finish. You do not want to damage your retaining walls and end up paying more than you should. Waterproofing retaining walls can be done using a few simple steps.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Power washer

Waterproofing primer

Paint tray

Long-handled paint roller

Liquid rubber patch

Paintbrush

Putty knife

Waterproofing sealer

Normal-sized paint roller

Concrete finishing coat

 

Step 1

 

Apply power washer on the surface of the retaining wall. This will help prepare the wall for waterproofing and remove the loose debris, dirt and mortar.

 

Step 2

 

Leave the retaining wall to dry overnight or up until the washer completely dries up on the wall.

 

 

 

 

Step 3

 

Apply waterproofing primer onto the surface of the retaining wall. Start by pouring the primer into your paint tray, then apply the primer using a long-handled paint roller to make sure the coat is even.

 

Step 4

 

Do another coat of the waterproofing primer and allow it to dry for another 24 hours.

 

Step 5

 

Put liquid rubber patch into the holes or cracks of the retaining wall with your paintbrush. Use your putty knife to smooth the surrounding block wall.

 

Step 6

 

Apply the first coat of the waterproofing sealer onto the retaining wall’s surface with a paint roller. Start by applying the sealer at the farthest corner of your wall, then use your small paintbrush to apply the sealer to edges and areas that are hard to reach.

 

Step 7

 

Spread two more coats of waterproofing sealer on the surface of the retaining wall in the same method as the previous step.

 

Step 8

 

Apply an even coat of concrete finishing coat on your wall with a long-handled paint roller.

References

 

Crommelin: How to Waterproof Retaining Walls & Planter Boxes

http://www.crommelin.com.au/images/newProducts/HOW%20TO%20WATERPROOF%20RETAINING%20WALLS%20AND%20PLANTER%20BOXES.pdf

 

Dunlop: Retaining Walls & Planter Boxes Waterproofing

http://www.dunlopdiy.com/Datasheets/preparation/DUN_Retaining_Walls.pdf

 

 

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Slit Seeding Instructions

Overview

When you are attempting to landscape a particular property, one of the easiest and smartest additions is a simple grass lawn. Imagine your house standing next to a green lawn, huge enough for your family to camp or play at. This will also complement the look of your house regardless of its theme or design. When you set up a lawn, you can seed its grass yourself. With the use of a slit seeder, you can make sure that the seeds of the grass are deep in contact with your soil.

 

Skill

Moderate

 

Things You’ll Need

Protective gloves

Grass seeds

Slit seeder

Water

 

Step 1

 

Prepare the soil on your lawn for the slit seeding process. Start by pulling out the weeds as well as rocks and trash on the area. Make sure that the grass is completely free of any of these things so as not to obstruct with the process of slit seeding.

 

Step 2

 

Get the dimensions of the lawn or measure the exact amount of land that you want to seed to get an estimate of the amount of grass seed that you will need.  Read the recommended quantity of seeds per area size at the back of your chosen seed package.

 

Step 3

 

Place your first load of seeds into your slit seeder and start walking in one straight line across the lawn, moving from one end to another to allow the seeder to plant the seeds. The slit seeder will sew the grass seeds in a number of rows, with at least 2 inches in between each row.

Step 4

 

Continue walking in straight lines across your lawn to allow the seeder to continue with the slit seeding process. You can walk crossways until you are able to slit seed for every square inch.

 

Step 5

 

Water the lawn after you are done slit seeding the entire lawn.

 

References

 

Todd Valley Farms: Seed Instructions

http://www.toddvalleyfarms.com/SeedInstructions.htm

 

Landscape America: Slit-Seeding a Lawn

http://www.landscape-america.com/lawns/lawncare/seeding/slitseeding.html

 

 

 

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Tutorial for Irish Wax Linen Thread Bracelets

Overview

Irish wax linen threads are used to create some of the finest accessories and garments. These threads come in various sizes and thickness for you to choose the best option for beading and layering. You can create your own Irish wax linen threads in the comforts of your home. This is a fun activity that will also introduce you to new ways in styling your accessories. With the right tools and materials you can use the threads that you created to make the finest bracelets.

Skill

Moderate

Things You’ll Need

Scissors

Embroidery threads of different colors

Beeswax

Small paintbrush

Candle

Lighter

Masking tape

Bead

Step 1

Cut three 18-inch long embroidery threads of different colors. Coat it with beeswax using a paintbrush to prepare it for waxing.

Step 2

Light a candle and run each thread over the candle’s fire, until they begin to thicken.

Step 3

Seal the ends of the three threads by tying a knot the end. Stick the knotted end of the threads on your table using masking tape. This will allow you to work with the bracelet in a stable setting.

Step 4

Hold the loose ends of the three threads and start creating a simple braid, tightening them at the top. Cross the right thread over the middle one, followed by the left thread going over the middle thread. Continue doing this until you come to the very end of the thread.

Step 5

Seal the end of the bracelet with a bead, threading it up from the threads’ open end and tying knot to secure it in place. Burn the ends of the thread with your lighter to prevent it from untangling while you wear the bracelet.

References

Make Bracelets: Waxed Irish Linen for Bracelet Making

http://makebraceletsblog.com/tag/irish-linen-thread/

Craft Leftovers: Making Waxed “Linen” Thread

http://www.craftleftovers.com/blog/archives/1858

YouTube: How to Make a Thread Bracelets

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1BG7fOvwHI

 

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